Guava is a fruit tree, a perennial multi-branched tree with an average lifespan of 8-10 years, from 1 to 3 meters (pruned), if the tree grows naturally, the guava tree can be up to 10m.
The trunk is strong, short because of early branching. Smooth stems are very rarely affected by the borer, the old bark can peel off each plate underneath and has a new smooth, gray, and slightly green. Young branches 4 edges, when old, they will gradually round and the leaves are symmetrical.
The hermaphrodite cotton grows in clusters of 2- 3 pieces, rarely at the tip of the branch, but usually in the leaf axils, 5 wings, white, many yellow stamens, many small pollen grains, many embryos are easy to pollinate.
The fruit is from 50 to 700g, nearly round, oblong or pear-shaped. Many seeds, mixed between white, pink, yellow-red flesh, depending on the variety. About 100 days from pollination to maturity.
Queen guava varieties are extracted for local propagation.
Planting all year round, the first harvest time is after 1.5 – 2 years after planting, then harvested all year round in spikes.
AREA AND PRODUCTION
- Area: 5000 square meters.
- Quantity: 1000 original.
- Yield: 1000kg per month.
In low land, cover tissue to avoid waterlogging. Cultivated soil is alluvial soil with good porosity.
The soil is cleared of grass with a grass generator, bactericidal with lime concentrate, lined with manure, green decay.
CHOOSE VARIETIES AND CULTIVATE
Seeds are extracted from good branches and trees for good quality seed. Distance from planting 2 – 2.2m / tree, the row is 3m.
TAKE CARE OF
Watering: Guava is a hydrophilic variety, so it is necessary to water every day, especially in the dry season, more water is needed at the time of fruit production to provide enough water for the tree.
Weeding: Weeding periodically, cultivating the stump, and keeping the air around the base to prevent pests and diseases.
Pruning trees: regularly pruning, regularly pruning for stems, flowering, creating a canopy. Cut off bad branches, weak branches to nurture healthy ones.
Fertilizing: fertilize periodically 20 times with snail manure compost, fertilize with organic potassium and kitchen ash to increase fruit quality.
Wrapping the left: when the fruit reaches the diameter of 3 – 3.5cm, carry it to protect the fruit from pests.
PESTS AND DISEASES
The main pests are aphids, fruit flies. Preventing by wrapping fruit, watering from above to let bed bugs float down.
Major diseases are anthracnose and fruit brown rot. Prevent by keeping the garden well ventilated, away from moisture. The disease usually appears in the rainy season when the humidity is high. When the weather starts to have high humidity, spray lime to prevent disease.
HARVEST AND PRESERVE
Harvest the fruit when the skin is stretched and lightly yellow by using scissors to cut across the stem.
Store at room temperature from 5-7 days and at a temperature of 15 degrees C can store from 10 to 15 days. However, the later the quality of guava will decrease, the sweetness and crunchiness will decrease.
Oval shape, about 200g one left. Queen guava meat has a sweet, crispy taste.
- Eat fresh
- Juicing water
- Make a smoothie.