Pumpkin is a creeper or creeper-colored flower belonging to the gourd family and contains many nutrients, and is classified as one of the highly nutritious types recommended by nutritionists.
Pumpkin is a short-term plant that can be harvested after 3-4 months of sowing. There are many different varieties of pumpkin such as lake lot pumpkin, small wheel pumpkin, big wheel pumpkin, etc.
Lake lot pumpkin
There are two main seasons in the year:
The main autumn-winter season is from November to January. Harvest is around February to April of the solar calendar
Spring-summer sub-season from February to April. Harvest is from May to July.
The soil is used to clean the grass with a grass generator, to kill bacteria with lime concentrate, to make it easy to drain water.
Fertilizing kitchen ash and decomposed green manure.
Choose varieties and planting
Pumpkin varieties are bought by farmers at the F1 seed store or to re-seed from the previous season.
Make holes for sowing straight down or sow pots to germinate, then bring to the treated soil for planting.
When the tree is young, prune weak plants and pests.
Press the tops when the squash has 3 – 5 rough leaves for the pumpkin to paddle.
Catch soft bugs when they are young.
When the tree is young, water the tree 2 times / day. At the same time, shade the plants to help the seedlings recover. After 1 week, watering can be done every 2-3 days depending on the needs of the plant and the weather situation.
After 15 days, fertilize the plants with rotten manure and fish manure mixed with water.
After 35 days, fertilize the second time with the same formula as the first time
After 50 days of fertilizing, the third time with manure compost, rotting hummus, or rice husk ash to fertilize.
When the plants grow and start to produce flowers, the farmers monitor and see how the flowers are so that the pumpkins self-pollinate or artificially pollinate the squash.
Weeding periodically according to the situation of the garden with a generator in the aisle and must be done by hand in dense areas to avoid generator damage
Pests and diseases
The main pests on aloe vera are earthworms, green worms, fruit borer, thrips, aphids, red spiders, … to prevent these pests, pay attention to watering the tree fully, cut prune old leaves, build high soil for the stump to create ventilation for squash plants, catch bugs or aphids when squash is young.
Diseases are mainly white powder, mosaic disease, leaf spot disease. To prevent these diseases, it is necessary to clean the field from the previous crop to avoid residual diseases. Do not plant many crops continuously on the same plot.
Harvest and preserve
Pumpkins are harvested 3 months after sowing by cutting off old, moldy skin stalks. At normal temperature, it can be stored for 25-30 days.
Pumpkin is spherical or cylindrical, squash on a flat spherical left wheel, when ripe zucchini is orange, the outside is divided into salt, inside has many seeds, flat seeds, pumpkin seeds sex contains a lot of oil.
- Pumpkin flower and pumpkin buds: boiled, cooked, and fried.
- Pumpkin: stewed meat, cooked tea, boiled, cooked vegetarian, etc.
- In particular, pumpkin can be ground to supplement nutrients for baby food.
The process of grinding flour through the steps
- Wash pumpkin, drain.
- Peel and cut, lengthwise.
- Rinse and drain.
- Sliced thin.
- Packing and storage.